Metal-organic frameworks: Preparation and applications in highly efficient heterogeneous photocatalysis

Chao Wei Huang, Van Huy Nguyen, Shi Rong Zhou, Shu Yu Hsu, Jia Xuan Tan, Kevin C.W. Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) attract considerable attention due to tunable structures, tailorable functionalities, and replaceable metal centers, leading to comprehensive applications, such as semiconductors, catalysts, and photocatalysts. Herein, basic concepts and overall synthetic technologies of MOF materials are introduced, such as solvothermal, hydrothermal, microwave-assisted, sonochemical, mechanochemical, and electrochemical methods. MOFs can provide an orderly porous structure, which will contribute to the high exposure of active sites and hence promote the photocatalytic performance efficiently. In this paper, the applications of MOFs for photocatalytic reactions, mainly in photocatalytic hydrogen production, and other possible utilizations, including CO2 reduction, oxidative degradation, and organic transformations, are summarized. We give a concise review of recent progress in MOF materials for photocatalysis. A summary and prospect for MOFs in photocatalysis are also highlighted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)504-521
Number of pages18
JournalSustainable Energy and Fuels
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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