mHealth Strategies to Promote Uptake and Adherence to PrEP: A Systematic Review

Morgan LaBelle, Carol Strong, Yuan Chi Tseng

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is the use of antiretroviral medications by high-risk HIV-negative individuals to prevent HIV infection and when taken consistently, PrEP can effectively reduce HIV infection risk. The purpose of this literature review was to research existing studies that have used mHealth strategies to prevent HIV and promote uptake and adherence to PrEP. This review is meant to aid in the future development of an app for PrEP adherence and HIV prevention in Taiwan. A systematic journal review of published, peer-reviewed literature was conducted in May and June 2019 to identify and evaluate existing interventions for HIV prevention and PrEP adherence in humans. We identified 22 papers published during or after 2016. Social Cognitive Theory was used by most studies to formulate their intervention strategies. There were several common design features found in studies involving mHealth interventions, such as gamification, notifications, medication log, and education. While the diary feature, including both a sexual activity log and medication log, is critical for preventing HIV, a few more elements should be added to improve the diary feature, including a mood log to show correlations and trends in mental health, and a drug use log to track drug use with PrEP adherence. As more studies that are focusing on the formulation of apps for HIV prevention complete their clinical trial phases, more data will exist to aid researchers in developing the best possible app.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCross-Cultural Design. Applications in Health, Learning, Communication, and Creativity - 12th International Conference, CCD 2020, Held as Part of the 22nd HCI International Conference, HCII 2020, Proceedings
EditorsPei-Luen Patrick Rau
PublisherSpringer
Pages99-113
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9783030499129
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event12th International Conference on Cross-Cultural Design, CCD 2020, held as part of the 22nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2020 - Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 2020 Jul 192020 Jul 24

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume12193 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference12th International Conference on Cross-Cultural Design, CCD 2020, held as part of the 22nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2020
CountryDenmark
CityCopenhagen
Period20-07-1920-07-24

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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