Microalgae for biofuels, wastewater treatment and environmental monitoring

Angela Paul Peter, Kuan Shiong Khoo, Kit Wayne Chew, Tau Chuan Ling, Shih Hsin Ho, Jo Shu Chang, Pau Loke Show

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

In the context of climate change and the increase of the energy demand, there is a need for carbon sequestration methods and sustainable fuels. This can be done by cultivation of microalgae, an unicellular microscopic algae that converts carbon dioxide into high-value bioproducts and energy. Moreover, microalgae can be used to assess the health of ecosystems such as lakes. Here we review microalgae for biofuel, for wastewater treatment and as bioindicators. We discuss the impact of processes based on microalgae using life cycle assessment. We present co-cultivation of microalgae with other microbes, and we compare conventional processes with processes integrating auto-flocculation, in situ transesterification and excretion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2891-2904
Number of pages14
JournalEnvironmental Chemistry Letters
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry

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