A method to quantitatively perform reverse transcription-competitive PCR (RT-cPCR) of hepatitis C virus followed by both microchip and capillary electrophoretic separation and detection was described. In this method, HCV wild-type (WT) RNA extracted from serum was coretrotranscribed and coamplified with a constant amount of recombinant internal standard (IS) RNA which had the same primer binding region as the target RNA and was constructed by removing a centrally located 25-bp segment from the target template. A linear calibration curve was constructed by adding IS RNA at a constant concentration of 8000 copies μl-1 into a series of RNA target standards ranging from 400 to 106 copies μl-1. The amplified IS and target DNA were detected by both capillary and microchip electrophoresis via laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) using Cy5-labelled primer as the fluorescence probe. The method was further demonstrated for the quantitation of clinical patients with low, medium, and high viral titer and the results were found to be comparable to those determined by the commercial bDNA assay.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry