Microfluidic paper-based chip platform for benzoic acid detection in food

Chan Chiung Liu, Yao Nan Wang, Lung Ming Fu, Kuan Lin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


An integrated microfluidic platform comprising a microfluidic paper-based analytical device (µPAD) and a portable detection system is proposed for the concentration detection of benzoic acid via Janovsky reaction theory. In the proposed approach, the reaction zone of the µPAD is implanted with 5 N sodium hydroxide and dried at 30 °C for 20 min. The benzoic acid sample is derived to 3,5-Dinitrobenzoic acid using KNO3 and H2SO4 at 40 °C for 40 min and is then dripped on the reaction zone of the µPAD. Finally, the µPAD is transferred to the portable detection system and heated at a temperature of 45 °C for 20 min on a hot plate to prompt a Janovsky reaction. The resulting color change of the detection zone is observed using a CMOS camera. The reaction color image is delivered to a smartphone via a connector and the benzoic acid concentration is determined using self-written RGB analysis software. The experimental results obtained using control samples with known benzoic acid concentrations in the range of 500–4000 ppm show that the R(ed) + B(lue) intensity (Y) and benzoic acid concentration (X) are related as Y = −0.0264 X + 408.79. Moreover, the correlation coefficient is equal to R2 = 0.9953. The proposed detection platform is used to measure the benzoic acid concentrations of twenty-one commercial food samples. It is shown that the concentration measurements deviate by no more than 6.6% from those obtained using a standard HPLC macroscale method. Overall, the results presented in this study show that the proposed integrated microfluidic paper-based chip platform provides a compact and reliable tool for benzoic acid concentration measurement purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-167
Number of pages6
JournalFood Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May 30

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Food Science


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