MicroRNA-212 inhibits oligodendrocytes during maturation by down-regulation of differentiation-associated gene expression

Chih Yen Wang, Benjamin Deneen, Shun Fen Tzeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

MicroRNA-212 (mir-212) has been reported to regulate neuronal development and functioning. However, its expression and function in glia are not yet known. Here, we demonstrate that the level of microRNA-212 (mir-212) was reduced in spinal cord lesion site at 1 week and 1 month after a contusive spinal cord injury. In addition to its expression in neurons, mir-212 expression was detected in oligodendrocytes (OLGs) and glial progenitor cells (GPCs) in adult CNS. The addition of antagomir-212 to reduce mir-212 expression enabled to improve the cell process outgrowth of OLGs along with the up-regulation of the genes associated with OLG differentiation and maturation, including OLIG1, SOX10, myelin basic protein (MBP), and proteolipid protein 1 (PLP1). In contrast, these genes were significantly down-regulated by an increased expression of mir-212 in GPCs or in OLG progenitor cells (OPCs) through lentivirus-mediated gene delivery approach. Moreover, we found that PLP1 was the direct target molecule of mir-212. Furthermore, mir-212 over-expression diminished the protein production of OLGs markers including 2′,3′-cyclic-nucleotide 3′-phosphodiesterase (CNPase), MBP, and PLP. Additionally, mir-212 over-expression decreased the number of mature OLGs expressing MBP, and the expression of galactocerebroside (GC). Complementary studies in a hippocampal neuron-OLG co-culture model and an ex vivo cerebellar slice system indicated that OLGs derived from GPCs with mir-212 over-expression exhibited decreased ability to interact with neuronal axons. Collectively, our findings demonstrate that mir-212 repressed the expression of OLG maturation-associated proteins and inhibited OLG cell process extension, indicating that mir-212 has negative regulatory effect on OLG lineage progression. (Figure presented.).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-125
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume143
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct 1

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Oligodendroglia
MicroRNAs
Gene expression
Down-Regulation
Gene Expression
Neuroglia
Myelin Basic Protein
Stem Cells
Proteolipids
Genes
Neurons
Proteins
Myelin Proteolipid Protein
Lentivirus
Cyclic Nucleotides
Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases
Coculture Techniques
Spinal Cord Injuries
Axons
Spinal Cord

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

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title = "MicroRNA-212 inhibits oligodendrocytes during maturation by down-regulation of differentiation-associated gene expression",
abstract = "MicroRNA-212 (mir-212) has been reported to regulate neuronal development and functioning. However, its expression and function in glia are not yet known. Here, we demonstrate that the level of microRNA-212 (mir-212) was reduced in spinal cord lesion site at 1 week and 1 month after a contusive spinal cord injury. In addition to its expression in neurons, mir-212 expression was detected in oligodendrocytes (OLGs) and glial progenitor cells (GPCs) in adult CNS. The addition of antagomir-212 to reduce mir-212 expression enabled to improve the cell process outgrowth of OLGs along with the up-regulation of the genes associated with OLG differentiation and maturation, including OLIG1, SOX10, myelin basic protein (MBP), and proteolipid protein 1 (PLP1). In contrast, these genes were significantly down-regulated by an increased expression of mir-212 in GPCs or in OLG progenitor cells (OPCs) through lentivirus-mediated gene delivery approach. Moreover, we found that PLP1 was the direct target molecule of mir-212. Furthermore, mir-212 over-expression diminished the protein production of OLGs markers including 2′,3′-cyclic-nucleotide 3′-phosphodiesterase (CNPase), MBP, and PLP. Additionally, mir-212 over-expression decreased the number of mature OLGs expressing MBP, and the expression of galactocerebroside (GC). Complementary studies in a hippocampal neuron-OLG co-culture model and an ex vivo cerebellar slice system indicated that OLGs derived from GPCs with mir-212 over-expression exhibited decreased ability to interact with neuronal axons. Collectively, our findings demonstrate that mir-212 repressed the expression of OLG maturation-associated proteins and inhibited OLG cell process extension, indicating that mir-212 has negative regulatory effect on OLG lineage progression. (Figure presented.).",
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MicroRNA-212 inhibits oligodendrocytes during maturation by down-regulation of differentiation-associated gene expression. / Wang, Chih Yen; Deneen, Benjamin; Tzeng, Shun Fen.

In: Journal of Neurochemistry, Vol. 143, No. 1, 01.10.2017, p. 112-125.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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