Microstructural evolution of Sn-3.5Ag solder with lanthanum addition

Hwa-Teng Lee, Yin Fa Chen, Ting Fu Hong, Ku Ta Shih, Che Wei Hsu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The goal of this research is to evaluate the effects of La addition on the microstructure and microhardness of Sn-Ag based solders. Sn-3.5Ag-xLa ternary alloy solders were prepared by adding 0-1.0wt% La into a Sn-3.5Ag alloy. Copper substrates were then dipped into these solders and aged at 150°C for up to 625 hours. The microstructure and microhardness of the as solidified solder and the aged solder/copper couples were investigated. Experimental results show that Sn-3.5Ag-xLa solders are composed of β-Sn, Ag 3 Sn, and LaSn 3 phases, and that their microstructure is refined with La addition. After isothermal storage, the Ag 3 Sn and IMC layer can be effectively depressed by adding a small amount of La element, and the size and amount of LaSn 3 compounds does not change perceptibly with storage time. For as-cast solder, the addition of La increased the microhardness of the Sn-Ag solder due to the refining effect of Ag 3 Sn particles in the eutectic zone and increased formation of LaSn 3 compound. After isothermal storage, the microhardness of solders was decreased with the increasing coarsening of Ag 3 Sn compounds as aging time was increased. However, coarsening of Ag 3 Sn compounds was retarded by La addition. Therefore, La addition helped to improve the microhardness and thermal resistance of the solder joints.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2009 International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology and High Density Packaging, ICEPT-HDP 2009
Pages617-622
Number of pages6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Nov 25
Event2009 International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology and High Density Packaging, ICEPT-HDP 2009 - Beijing, China
Duration: 2009 Aug 102009 Aug 13

Publication series

Name2009 International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology and High Density Packaging, ICEPT-HDP 2009

Other

Other2009 International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology and High Density Packaging, ICEPT-HDP 2009
CountryChina
CityBeijing
Period09-08-1009-08-13

Fingerprint

Microstructural evolution
Lanthanum
Soldering alloys
Microhardness
Coarsening
Microstructure
Copper
Ternary alloys
Heat resistance
Eutectics
Refining
Aging of materials

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Lee, H-T., Chen, Y. F., Hong, T. F., Shih, K. T., & Hsu, C. W. (2009). Microstructural evolution of Sn-3.5Ag solder with lanthanum addition. In 2009 International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology and High Density Packaging, ICEPT-HDP 2009 (pp. 617-622). [5270676] (2009 International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology and High Density Packaging, ICEPT-HDP 2009). https://doi.org/10.1109/ICEPT.2009.5270676
Lee, Hwa-Teng ; Chen, Yin Fa ; Hong, Ting Fu ; Shih, Ku Ta ; Hsu, Che Wei. / Microstructural evolution of Sn-3.5Ag solder with lanthanum addition. 2009 International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology and High Density Packaging, ICEPT-HDP 2009. 2009. pp. 617-622 (2009 International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology and High Density Packaging, ICEPT-HDP 2009).
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title = "Microstructural evolution of Sn-3.5Ag solder with lanthanum addition",
abstract = "The goal of this research is to evaluate the effects of La addition on the microstructure and microhardness of Sn-Ag based solders. Sn-3.5Ag-xLa ternary alloy solders were prepared by adding 0-1.0wt{\%} La into a Sn-3.5Ag alloy. Copper substrates were then dipped into these solders and aged at 150°C for up to 625 hours. The microstructure and microhardness of the as solidified solder and the aged solder/copper couples were investigated. Experimental results show that Sn-3.5Ag-xLa solders are composed of β-Sn, Ag 3 Sn, and LaSn 3 phases, and that their microstructure is refined with La addition. After isothermal storage, the Ag 3 Sn and IMC layer can be effectively depressed by adding a small amount of La element, and the size and amount of LaSn 3 compounds does not change perceptibly with storage time. For as-cast solder, the addition of La increased the microhardness of the Sn-Ag solder due to the refining effect of Ag 3 Sn particles in the eutectic zone and increased formation of LaSn 3 compound. After isothermal storage, the microhardness of solders was decreased with the increasing coarsening of Ag 3 Sn compounds as aging time was increased. However, coarsening of Ag 3 Sn compounds was retarded by La addition. Therefore, La addition helped to improve the microhardness and thermal resistance of the solder joints.",
author = "Hwa-Teng Lee and Chen, {Yin Fa} and Hong, {Ting Fu} and Shih, {Ku Ta} and Hsu, {Che Wei}",
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Lee, H-T, Chen, YF, Hong, TF, Shih, KT & Hsu, CW 2009, Microstructural evolution of Sn-3.5Ag solder with lanthanum addition. in 2009 International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology and High Density Packaging, ICEPT-HDP 2009., 5270676, 2009 International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology and High Density Packaging, ICEPT-HDP 2009, pp. 617-622, 2009 International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology and High Density Packaging, ICEPT-HDP 2009, Beijing, China, 09-08-10. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICEPT.2009.5270676

Microstructural evolution of Sn-3.5Ag solder with lanthanum addition. / Lee, Hwa-Teng; Chen, Yin Fa; Hong, Ting Fu; Shih, Ku Ta; Hsu, Che Wei.

2009 International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology and High Density Packaging, ICEPT-HDP 2009. 2009. p. 617-622 5270676 (2009 International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology and High Density Packaging, ICEPT-HDP 2009).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - The goal of this research is to evaluate the effects of La addition on the microstructure and microhardness of Sn-Ag based solders. Sn-3.5Ag-xLa ternary alloy solders were prepared by adding 0-1.0wt% La into a Sn-3.5Ag alloy. Copper substrates were then dipped into these solders and aged at 150°C for up to 625 hours. The microstructure and microhardness of the as solidified solder and the aged solder/copper couples were investigated. Experimental results show that Sn-3.5Ag-xLa solders are composed of β-Sn, Ag 3 Sn, and LaSn 3 phases, and that their microstructure is refined with La addition. After isothermal storage, the Ag 3 Sn and IMC layer can be effectively depressed by adding a small amount of La element, and the size and amount of LaSn 3 compounds does not change perceptibly with storage time. For as-cast solder, the addition of La increased the microhardness of the Sn-Ag solder due to the refining effect of Ag 3 Sn particles in the eutectic zone and increased formation of LaSn 3 compound. After isothermal storage, the microhardness of solders was decreased with the increasing coarsening of Ag 3 Sn compounds as aging time was increased. However, coarsening of Ag 3 Sn compounds was retarded by La addition. Therefore, La addition helped to improve the microhardness and thermal resistance of the solder joints.

AB - The goal of this research is to evaluate the effects of La addition on the microstructure and microhardness of Sn-Ag based solders. Sn-3.5Ag-xLa ternary alloy solders were prepared by adding 0-1.0wt% La into a Sn-3.5Ag alloy. Copper substrates were then dipped into these solders and aged at 150°C for up to 625 hours. The microstructure and microhardness of the as solidified solder and the aged solder/copper couples were investigated. Experimental results show that Sn-3.5Ag-xLa solders are composed of β-Sn, Ag 3 Sn, and LaSn 3 phases, and that their microstructure is refined with La addition. After isothermal storage, the Ag 3 Sn and IMC layer can be effectively depressed by adding a small amount of La element, and the size and amount of LaSn 3 compounds does not change perceptibly with storage time. For as-cast solder, the addition of La increased the microhardness of the Sn-Ag solder due to the refining effect of Ag 3 Sn particles in the eutectic zone and increased formation of LaSn 3 compound. After isothermal storage, the microhardness of solders was decreased with the increasing coarsening of Ag 3 Sn compounds as aging time was increased. However, coarsening of Ag 3 Sn compounds was retarded by La addition. Therefore, La addition helped to improve the microhardness and thermal resistance of the solder joints.

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Lee H-T, Chen YF, Hong TF, Shih KT, Hsu CW. Microstructural evolution of Sn-3.5Ag solder with lanthanum addition. In 2009 International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology and High Density Packaging, ICEPT-HDP 2009. 2009. p. 617-622. 5270676. (2009 International Conference on Electronic Packaging Technology and High Density Packaging, ICEPT-HDP 2009). https://doi.org/10.1109/ICEPT.2009.5270676