Microstructure and Chemical Reaction in a Si3N4–TiC Composite

Jow-Lay Huang, Hung‐Liang ‐L Chiu, Ming‐Tung ‐T Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of TiC addition to Si3N4 on microstructure and the chemical aspects of Si3N4–TiC interphase reaction were investigated in samples hot‐pressed at 1800°C in Ar and N2. Composition of a TiC1–xNx solid solution was predicted based on thermodynamic calculation, with titanium carbonitride taken to be an ideal solid solution. The predicted value of x= 0.7 is slightly higher than that derived from the measured lattice parameter and Vegard's law (x = 0.67). Four distinguishable areas were observed in samples hot‐pressed in nitrogen atmosphere. They were identified as β‐Si3N4, mixtures of TiC and titanium carbonitride solid solution, SiC with twins, and iron silicide. As the duration of hot‐pressing increased, more titanium carbonitride was formed, while less TiC phase remained. Thermodymanic calculations indicate one source of nitrogen gas came from the decomposition of Si3N4. The TiC particles also became more irregular, and reactants were found inside or between TiC as the hot‐pressing time was extended. Silicon carbide was not detected in samples which were hot‐pressed in argon atmosphere; however, numerous pores were found around TiC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)705-710
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume77
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Jan 1

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Carbon nitride
Chemical reactions
Solid solutions
Titanium
Microstructure
Composite materials
Nitrogen
Argon
Silicon carbide
Lattice constants
Iron
Gases
Thermodynamics
Decomposition
Chemical analysis
silicon nitride
titanium carbonitride

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Huang, Jow-Lay ; Chiu, Hung‐Liang ‐L ; Lee, Ming‐Tung ‐T. / Microstructure and Chemical Reaction in a Si3N4–TiC Composite. In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society. 1994 ; Vol. 77, No. 3. pp. 705-710.
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Microstructure and Chemical Reaction in a Si3N4–TiC Composite. / Huang, Jow-Lay; Chiu, Hung‐Liang ‐L; Lee, Ming‐Tung ‐T.

In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 77, No. 3, 01.01.1994, p. 705-710.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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