Migration speed and directionality switch of normal epithelial cells after TGF-β1-induced EMT (tEMT) on micro-structured polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrates with variations in stiffness and topographic patterning

Tsung Hsien Wu, Chia Hui Li, Ming Jer Tang, Jen I. Liang, Chia Hsin Chen, Ming Long Yeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) involves several physiological and pathological phenomena and endows cells with invasive and migratory properties. However, the effects of substrate stiffness and topography on the migration of cells before or after transforming growth factor-βα1 (TGF-βα1)-induced EMT (tEMT) are unknown. Herein, we seed control or tEMT NMuMG cells on the 2D patterns consisted of 1 μm or 5 μm line-widths and groove or cone patterns on either 2 MPa (1.96 ± 0.48 MPa) or 4 MPa (3.70 ± 0.74 MPa) polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrates. After tEMT, the increased expression of α-SMA with vinculin in focal adhesion (FA) sites led to an acceleration of tEMT cell motility. On the 2 MPa substrate, the most influenced substrate was the 1 μm, cone-patterned substrate, where the tEMT cells' motility decelerated by 0.13 μm/min (36% slower than the cells on groove pattern). However, on the 5 μm, groove-patterned substrate, where the tEMT cells demonstrated the most rapid motility relative to the control cells, with an increment of 0.18 μm/min (100%). Among the different physical cues from substrate, the cone pattern could impede the migration speed of tEMT cells. Furthermore, we recommend the groove-patterned with a 5 μm line-width substrate as a useful tool to differentiate control and tEMT cells by migration speed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-126
Number of pages12
JournalCell Communication and Adhesion
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Migration speed and directionality switch of normal epithelial cells after TGF-β1-induced EMT (tEMT) on micro-structured polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrates with variations in stiffness and topographic patterning'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this