MING-I: A distributed interactive multimedia document development mechanism

Chung-Ming Huang, Jyh Shiou Chen, Chih Hao Lin, Chian Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The next generation of interactive multimedia documents can contain both static media, e.g., text, graph, image, and continuous media, e.g., audio and video, and can provide user interactions in distributed environments. However, the temporal information of multimedia documents cannot be described using traditional document structures, e.g., Open Document Architecture (ODA) and Standard Generalized Mark-up Language (SGML); the continuous transmission of media units also raises some new synchronization problems, which have not been met before, for processing user interactions. Thus, developing a distributed interactive multimedia document system should resolve the issues of document model, presentation control architecture, and control scheme. In this paper, we (i) propose a new multimedia document model that contains the logical structure, the layout structure, and the temporal structure to formally describe multimedia documents, and (ii) point out main interaction-based synchronization problems, and propose a control architecture and a token-based control scheme to solve these interaction-based synchronization problems. Based on the proposed document model, control architecture, and control scheme, a distributed interactive multimedia document development mechanism, which is called MING-I, is developed on SUN workstations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-332
Number of pages17
JournalMultimedia Systems
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Dec 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Information Systems
  • Media Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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