Background: Lung squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cells frequently exhibit markers of chromosome instability such as high fractional allelic loss (FAL). We postulated that alterations in the p53 damage responsive gene and in the double-strand break (DSB) repair genes, BRCA1 and XRCC5, are involved in patients with high FAL. In addition, chromosomal deletion analysis enables the delineation of the likely locations of tumor suppressor genes (TSG) and could provide molecular markers for disease classification. Patients and methods: To define the minimal deletion regions (MDRs), we used 92 microsatellites spanning 29 regions identified in our previous genome-wide chromosomal deletion study in 36 lung SCC patients to verify the maximal contiguous deletion loci. Results: Eight MDRs at 2q35, 3p14.1-3p14.3, 3p22.2-p23, 3p25.3-3p26.3, 5q35.1-q35.2, 9p23-p24.1, 13q14.11-q14.2, and 17p13.1-p13.2 were found in lung SCC. The candidate genes GAS7 and OVCA2 in the MDR17pA (17p13.1-p13.2) were further examined for mRNA expression. Low expression of the GAS7 gene in 57% of patients analyzed suggested its importance in lung SCC tumorigenesis. In addition, we found a panel of five microsatellites (D3S1766, D4S2397, D4S2361, D13S175, and D17S974), which can be used as prognostic biomarkers in lung SCC. Furthermore, alteration in more than two genes in DSB repair-related pathways was more apparent in high FAL patients. Conclusions: Our results provide biomarkers that may be used for monitoring tumor progression and for positional cloning of new TSGs. Importantly, our data show direct evidence that alterations in DSB repair-related pathways are involved in the genomic instability verified by intensive microsatellites of lung SCC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cancer Research