miR-196a enhances polymerization of neuronal microfilaments through suppressing IMP3 and upregulating IGF2 in Huntington's disease

Han In Yang, Pin Yu Huang, Siew Chin Chan, Chih Wei Tung, Pei Hsun Cheng, Chuan Mu Chen, Shang Hsun Yang

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Huntington's disease (HD) is one of the inheritable neurodegenerative diseases, and these diseases share several similar pathological characteristics, such as abnormal neuronal morphology. miR-196a is a potential target to provide neuroprotective functions, and has been reported to enhance polymerization of neuronal microtubules in HD. While microtubules and microfilaments are two important components of the neuronal cytoskeleton, whether miR-196a improves neuronal microfilaments is still unknown. Here, we identify insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA binding protein 3 (IMP3), and show that miR-196a directly suppresses IMP3 to increase neurite outgrowth in neurons. In addition, IMP3 disturbs neurite outgrowth in vitro and in vivo, and worsens the microfilament polymerization. Moreover, insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF2) is identified as the downstream target of IMP3, and miR-196a downregulates IMP3 to upregulate IGF2, which increases microfilamental filopodia numbers and activates Cdc42 to increase neurite outgrowth. Besides, miR-196a increases neurite outgrowth through IGF2 in different HD models. Finally, higher expression of IMP3 and lower expression IGF2 are observed in HD transgenic mice and patients, and increase the formation of aggregates in the HD cell model. Taken together, miR-196a enhances polymerization of neuronal microfilaments through suppressing IMP3 and upregulating IGF2 in HD, supporting the neuroprotective functions of miR-196a through neuronal cytoskeleton in HD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-299
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids
Volume30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec 13

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery

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