Miracle fruit (Synsepalum dulcificum) exhibits as a novel anti-hyperuricaemia agent

Yeu Ching Shi, Kai Sian Lin, Yi Fen Jhai, Bao Hong Lee, Yifan Han, Zhibin Cui, Wei Hsuan Hsu, She Ching Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Miracle fruit (Synsepalum dulcificum) belongs to the Sapotaceae family. It can change flavors on taste buds, transforming acidic tastes to sweet. We evaluated various miracle fruit extracts, including water, butanol, ethyl acetate (EA), and hexane fractions, to determine its antioxidant effects. These extracts isolated from miracle fruit exerted potential for reduction of uric acid and inhibited xanthine oxidase activity in vitro and in monosodiumurate (MSU)-treated RAW264.7 macrophages. Moreover, we also found that the butanol extracts of miracle fruit attenuated oxonic acid potassium salt-induced hyperuricaemia in ICR mice by lowering serum uric acid levels and activating hepatic xanthine oxidase. These effects were equal to those of allopurinol, suggesting that the butanol extract of miracle fruit could be developed as a novel anti-hyperuricaemia agent or health food.

Original languageEnglish
Article number140
JournalMolecules
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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