Miscibility in amorphous phase and behavior in a crystalline phase of blends of two semicrystalline and isomeric polymers, isotactic polystyrene (iPS) and syndiotactic polystyrene (sPS), was probed. Optical and scanning electron microscopy results indicate no discernible heterogeneity in iPS/sPS blends in either melt state or rapidly quenched amorphous super-cooled state, while the Tg behavior of the quenched amorphous blends shows an intimately mixed state of two polymer chains. The crystal forms of the blends were further analyzed to provide additional evidence of miscibility in the amorphous domain. The sPS in the iPS/sPS blends upon melt crystallization was found to predominantly exist as the more stable β-form (rather than mixed β-form and α-form in neat sPS), which also suggests evidence of miscibility in the iPS/sPS blends. The melting behavior of semicrystalline sPS in the iPS/sPS mixtures was analyzed using the Flory-Huggins approach for estimation of interactions. By measuring the equilibrium melting point of the higher-melting sPS species in the sPS/iPS blends, a small negative value, for the interaction parameter (χ ≈ -0.11) was found. Further, by introducing a third polymer, poly(2,6-dimethyl-p-phenylene oxide) (PPO), a ternary iPS/sPS/PPO blend system was also proven miscible, which constituted a further test for stable phase miscibility in the iPS/sPS blend. General nature of miscibility in blends composed of two crystalline isomeric polymers is discussed. Issues in dealing with blends of polymers of the same chemical repeat unit but different tacticities were addressed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry