Mixtures of common factor analyzers for high-dimensional data with missing information

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12 Citations (Scopus)


Mixtures of common factor analyzers (MCFA), thought of as a parsimonious extension of mixture factor analyzers (MFA), have recently been developed as a novel approach to analyzing high-dimensional data, where the number of observations n is not very large relative to their dimension p. The key idea behind MCFA is to reduce further the number of parameters in the specification of the component-covariance matrices. An attractive and important feature of MCFA is to allow visualizing data in lower dimensions. The occurrence of missing data persists in many scientific investigations and often complicates data analysis. In this paper, we establish a computationally flexible EM-type algorithm for parameter estimation of the MCFA model with partially observed data. To facilitate the implementation, two auxiliary permutation matrices are incorporated into the estimating procedure for exactly extracting the location of observed and missing components of each observation. Practical issues related to the specification of initial values, model-based clustering and discriminant procedure are also discussed. Our methodology is illustrated through real and simulated examples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-133
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Multivariate Analysis
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Numerical Analysis
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty


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