Mixtures of restricted skew-t factor analyzers with common factor loadings

Wan Lun Wang, Luis M. Castro, Yen Ting Chang, Tsung I. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Mixtures of common t factor analyzers (MCtFA) have been shown its effectiveness in robustifying mixtures of common factor analyzers (MCFA) when handling model-based clustering of the high-dimensional data with heavy tails. However, the MCtFA model may still suffer from a lack of robustness against observations whose distributions are highly asymmetric. This paper presents a further robust extension of the MCFA and MCtFA models, called the mixture of common restricted skew-t factor analyzers (MCrstFA), by assuming a restricted multivariate skew-t distribution for the common factors. The MCrstFA model can be used to accommodate severely non-normal (skewed and leptokurtic) random phenomena while preserving its parsimony in factor-analytic representation and performing graphical visualization in low-dimensional plots. A computationally feasible expectation conditional maximization either algorithm is developed to carry out maximum likelihood estimation. The numbers of factors and mixture components are simultaneously determined based on common likelihood penalized criteria. The usefulness of our proposed model is illustrated with simulated and real datasets, and experimental results signify its superiority over some existing competitors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-480
Number of pages36
JournalAdvances in Data Analysis and Classification
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics


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