Modal characteristics of the THz pipe waveguide, which is a thin pipe consisting of a large air core and a thin dielectric layer with uniform but low index, are investigated. Modal indices and attenuation constants are calculated for various core diameters, cladding thicknesses, and cladding refractive indices. Numerical results reveal that the guiding mechanism of the leaky core modes, which transmit most of the power in the air-core region, is that of the antiresonant reflecting guiding. Moreover, modal patterns including modal intensity distributions and electric field vector distributions are shown for the fundamental and higher order modes. Experiments using time-domain spectroscopy with PMMA pipes also confirm the antiresonant reflecting guiding mechanism.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics