Direct CO2 hydrogenation to hydrocarbons is a promising method of reducing CO2 emissions along with producing value-added products. However, reactor design and performance have remained a challenging issue because of low olefin efficiency and high water production as a by-product. Accordingly, a one-dimensional non-isothermal mathematical model is proposed to predict the membrane reactor performance and statistical analysis is used to assess the effects of important variables such as temperatures of reactor (Tr:A), shell (Ts:B) and tube (Tt:C) as well as sweep ratio (θ:D) and pressure ratio (φ:E) and their interactions on the products yields. In addition, the optimized operating conditions are also obtained to achieve maximum olefin yields. Results reveal that interacting effects comprising AB (TrTs), AC (TrTt), AE (Trφ), BC (TsTt), CE (Ttφ), CD (Ttθ) and DE (θφ) play important roles on the product yields. It is concluded that higher temperatures at low sweep and pressure ratios can maximize the yields of olefins, while simultaneously the yields of paraffins are minimized. In this regard, optimized values for Tr, Ts, Tt, θ and φ are determined as 325 °C, 306.96 °C, 325 °C, 1 and 1, respectively.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology