Modeling of non-ductile RC structure under near-fault ground motions: A nonlinear finite element analysis

Banu A. Hidayat, Hsuan Teh Hu, Fu Pei Hsiao, Wen Cheng Shen, Pu Wen Weng, Ay Lie Han, Li Yin Chan, Yanuar Haryanto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The old existing reinforced concrete (RC) structures in Taiwan are susceptible to severe damage under earthquakes because of the soft-story mechanism. Moreover, the effects of near-fault ground motions often contain a long period of velocity pulse and permanent ground displacement. This study is based on the tri-axial shaking table test conducted at the National Center for Research on Earthquake Engineering in Taiwan and a series of seismic performance evaluations of a non-ductile RC structure in Taiwan. Finite element analysis (FEA) will be conducted to simulate the linear and nonlinear behavior of the seven-story building. This accommodates the damage plasticity model for concrete and the elastic-perfectly plastic model for reinforcement. Comparison of the results between the experimental test and numerical model showed that the similarity of the vibration period has a great influence on the simulation results. The findings showed that the data of acceleration and displacement behavior corresponded with the experimental results in a satisfactory margin. Also, the damage mode is very similar to the shaking table test results. The study found that using FEA can satisfactorily simulate the seismic performance of mid-rise buildings under a near-fault earthquake.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1878-1892
Number of pages15
JournalAdvances in Structural Engineering
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jul

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


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