Modification of silicone elastomer with zwitterionic silane for durable antifouling properties

Shiou Bang Yeh, Chien-Sheng Chen, Wen Yih Chen, Chun Jen Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Citations (Scopus)


Biofouling on medical devices generally causes adverse complications, such as thrombosis, infection, and pathogenic calcification. Silicone is a widely used material for medical applications. Its surface modification typically encounters undesirable "hydrophobic recovery", leading to deterioration of surface engineering. In this study, we developed a stable superhydrophilic zwitterionic interface on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) elastomer by covalent silanization of sulfobetaine silane (SBSi) to resist nonspecific adsorption of bacteria, proteins, and lipids. SBSi is a zwitterionic organosilane assembly, enabling resisting surface reconstruction by forming a cross-linked network and polar segregation. Surface elemental composition was confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and the long-term stability of modification was accessed using a contact angle goniometer. The biofouling tests were carried out by exposing substrates to bacterial, protein, and lipid solutions, revealing the excellent bioinertness of SBSi-tailored PDMS, even after 30 day storage in ambient. For the real-world application, we modified commercially available silicone hydrogel contact lenses with developed zwitterionic silane, presenting its antibacterial adhesion property. Moreover, the cytotoxicity of SBSi was accessed with NIH-3T3 fibroblast by the MTT assay, showing negligible cytotoxicity up to a concentration of 5 mM. Consequently, the strategy of surface engineering in this work can effectively retard the "hydrophobic recovery" occurrence and can be applied to other silicone-based medical devices in a facile way.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11386-11393
Number of pages8
Issue number38
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Sep 30

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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