Modified Superior Capsule Reconstruction Using the Long Head of the Biceps Tendon as Reinforcement to Rotator Cuff Repair Lowers Retear Rate in Large to Massive Reparable Rotator Cuff Tears

Chen Hao Chiang, Leo Shaw, Wei Hsing Chih, Ming Long Yeh, Hsiao Hsien Ting, Chang Hao Lin, Chao Ping Chen, Wei Ren Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To retrospectively assess the clinical outcomes of the patients with large to massive reparable RCTs treated by arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR) combined with modified superior capsule reconstruction (mSCR) using the long head of biceps tendon (LHBT) as reinforcement with a minimum of 2 years of follow-up. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 40 patients with large to massive reparable RCTs who underwent ARCR and mSCR (group I) between February 2017 and June 2018 (18 patients) or underwent ARCR and tenotomy of LHBT performed at the insertion site (group II) between January 2015 and January 2017 (22 patients). The pain visual analog score (VAS) was assessed preoperatively and 1, 3, 6, 12, 24 months postoperatively. American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) scores, the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder rating scale, and active range of motion (AROM) were assessed before surgery and 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery. The integrity of the rotator cuff and mSCR was evaluated using magnetic resonance images at 12 months postoperatively. Results: After surgery, both groups had significantly improved in VAS, ASES, UCLA and AROM scores in the final follow-up. There were no significant between-group differences in the characteristics of the patients before surgery. Group I had improved pain relief at 1 month (P <.001) and at 3 months (P <.01) after surgery. For the AROM, group I (flexion, external rotation, internal rotation) demonstrated better improvement than group II 6 months after surgery (all P <.05) and better internal rotation 12 and 24 months after surgery (all P <.05). The mSCR survival rate was 94.4% (17/18). The retear rate of repaired rotator cuffs for groups I and II was 16.7% (3/18) and 40.9% (9/22), respectively, and the differences were significant (P <.046). Conclusions: ARCR combined with mSCR using LHBT as reinforcement may lead to a lower retear rate and earlier functional recovery than conventional ARCR with tenotomy of LHBT for large to massive reparable RCTs. Level of Evidence: Level III, retrospective therapeutic comparative trial.

Original languageEnglish
JournalArthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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