A cDNA encoding mosquito Armigeres subalbatus prophenol oxidase (As-pro-PO) was obtained by rapid amplification of cDNA ends-polymerase chain reaction (RACE-PCR) after Dirofliaria immitis inoculation. The 2205 bp As-pro-PO cDNA contains a 32 bp 5'-noncoding region, a 2055 bp open reading frame (685 amino acids), and a 118 bp 3'-noncoding region. Hydrophobic signal peptide for the endoplasmic reticulum targeting is not found in the NN2-terminal region. Two potential copper-binding domains, amino acids 197-245 and 345-412, are highly homologous to those of the other insect pro-POs. A 2.2 kb As-pro-PO transcript was identified by Northern blot analysis using D. immitis microfilariae-inoculated A. subalbatus. Both in situ hybridization and Northern blot analysis demonstrated that As-pro-PO mRNA was synthesized in mosquito haemocytes but not in other tissues, i.e. fat bodies, midguts and ovaries, etc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Insect Science