Molecular mechanisms of system responses to novel stimuli are predictable from public data

Samuel A. Danziger, Alexander V. Ratushny, Jennifer J. Smith, Ramsey A. Saleem, Yakun Wan, Christina E. Arens, Abraham M. Armstrong, Katherine Sitko, Wei Ming Chen, Jung Hsien Chiang, David J. Reiss, Nitin S. Baliga, John D. Aitchison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Systems scale models provide the foundation for an effective iterative cycle between hypothesis generation, experiment and model refinement. Such models also enable predictions facilitating the understanding of biological complexity and the control of biological systems. Here, we demonstrate the reconstruction of a globally predictive gene regulatory model from public data: a model that can drive rational experiment design and reveal new regulatory mechanisms underlying responses to novel environments. Specifically, using -1500 publically available genome-wide transcriptome data sets from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we have reconstructed an environment and gene regulatory influence network that accurately predicts regulatory mechanisms and gene expression changes on exposure of cells to completely novel environments. Focusing on transcriptional networks that induce peroxisomes biogenesis, the model-guided experiments allow us to expand a core regulatory network to include novel transcriptional influences and linkage across signaling and transcription. Thus, the approach and model provides a multi-scalar picture of gene dynamics and are powerful resources for exploiting extant data to rationally guide experimentation. The techniques outlined here are generally applicable to any biological system, which is especially important when experimental systems are challenging and samples are difficult and expensive to obtain-a common problem in laboratory animal and human studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1442-1460
Number of pages19
JournalNucleic acids research
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics

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