Monitoring ground vibrations generated by debris flows

H. Y. Yin, Ching-Jer Huang, C. Y. Chen, C. H. Yeh, B. J. Lee, Y. M. Fang, Y. H. Chang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Since 2001, the Soil and WaterConservation Bureau, Council of Agriculture, Taiwan, has established 13 debris flow monitoring stations in debris flow potential areas. In each monitoring station, several observation instruments including rain gauges, CCD cameras, wire sensors, geophones, and water level meters were installed to collect the dynamic debris flow information. In this study, the ground vibrations generated by debris flows were detected using geophones and were analyzed to determine the characteristics. The time-domain signals of the debris flow ground vibrations were converted into frequency domain by the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and into time-frequency domain using the Gabor Transform. The results show that the ground vibration frequencies of debris flows are less than 150 Hz and they mainly fall between 5 to 100 Hz with multiple peak values. Following Gabor Transform analysis, the ground vibration spectrum distribution of debris flow reveals the phenomenon of the boulders gathering in the front surge of debris flows. The average velocity of debris flow surge was about 13.3 m/s as acquired from the measurements of the serial geophones. Besides, the location of the geophones has considerable influence on the signal intensity of the ground vibration caused by debris flows.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation
Subtitle of host publicationMechanics, Prediction, and Assessment
Pages625-633
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Dec 1
Event4th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment - Chengdu, China
Duration: 2007 Sep 102007 Sep 13

Publication series

NameInternational Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment, Proceedings

Other

Other4th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment
CountryChina
CityChengdu
Period07-09-1007-09-13

Fingerprint

Debris
debris flow
vibration
Seismographs
Monitoring
monitoring
geophone
transform
Mathematical transformations
Rain gages
Potential flow
Water levels
CCD cameras
Fast Fourier transforms
Agriculture
Fourier transform
gauge
water level
Wire
sensor

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

Yin, H. Y., Huang, C-J., Chen, C. Y., Yeh, C. H., Lee, B. J., Fang, Y. M., & Chang, Y. H. (2007). Monitoring ground vibrations generated by debris flows. In 4th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment (pp. 625-633). (International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment, Proceedings).
Yin, H. Y. ; Huang, Ching-Jer ; Chen, C. Y. ; Yeh, C. H. ; Lee, B. J. ; Fang, Y. M. ; Chang, Y. H. / Monitoring ground vibrations generated by debris flows. 4th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment. 2007. pp. 625-633 (International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment, Proceedings).
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abstract = "Since 2001, the Soil and WaterConservation Bureau, Council of Agriculture, Taiwan, has established 13 debris flow monitoring stations in debris flow potential areas. In each monitoring station, several observation instruments including rain gauges, CCD cameras, wire sensors, geophones, and water level meters were installed to collect the dynamic debris flow information. In this study, the ground vibrations generated by debris flows were detected using geophones and were analyzed to determine the characteristics. The time-domain signals of the debris flow ground vibrations were converted into frequency domain by the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and into time-frequency domain using the Gabor Transform. The results show that the ground vibration frequencies of debris flows are less than 150 Hz and they mainly fall between 5 to 100 Hz with multiple peak values. Following Gabor Transform analysis, the ground vibration spectrum distribution of debris flow reveals the phenomenon of the boulders gathering in the front surge of debris flows. The average velocity of debris flow surge was about 13.3 m/s as acquired from the measurements of the serial geophones. Besides, the location of the geophones has considerable influence on the signal intensity of the ground vibration caused by debris flows.",
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Yin, HY, Huang, C-J, Chen, CY, Yeh, CH, Lee, BJ, Fang, YM & Chang, YH 2007, Monitoring ground vibrations generated by debris flows. in 4th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment. International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment, Proceedings, pp. 625-633, 4th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment, Chengdu, China, 07-09-10.

Monitoring ground vibrations generated by debris flows. / Yin, H. Y.; Huang, Ching-Jer; Chen, C. Y.; Yeh, C. H.; Lee, B. J.; Fang, Y. M.; Chang, Y. H.

4th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment. 2007. p. 625-633 (International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment, Proceedings).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Yin, H. Y.

AU - Huang, Ching-Jer

AU - Chen, C. Y.

AU - Yeh, C. H.

AU - Lee, B. J.

AU - Fang, Y. M.

AU - Chang, Y. H.

PY - 2007/12/1

Y1 - 2007/12/1

N2 - Since 2001, the Soil and WaterConservation Bureau, Council of Agriculture, Taiwan, has established 13 debris flow monitoring stations in debris flow potential areas. In each monitoring station, several observation instruments including rain gauges, CCD cameras, wire sensors, geophones, and water level meters were installed to collect the dynamic debris flow information. In this study, the ground vibrations generated by debris flows were detected using geophones and were analyzed to determine the characteristics. The time-domain signals of the debris flow ground vibrations were converted into frequency domain by the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and into time-frequency domain using the Gabor Transform. The results show that the ground vibration frequencies of debris flows are less than 150 Hz and they mainly fall between 5 to 100 Hz with multiple peak values. Following Gabor Transform analysis, the ground vibration spectrum distribution of debris flow reveals the phenomenon of the boulders gathering in the front surge of debris flows. The average velocity of debris flow surge was about 13.3 m/s as acquired from the measurements of the serial geophones. Besides, the location of the geophones has considerable influence on the signal intensity of the ground vibration caused by debris flows.

AB - Since 2001, the Soil and WaterConservation Bureau, Council of Agriculture, Taiwan, has established 13 debris flow monitoring stations in debris flow potential areas. In each monitoring station, several observation instruments including rain gauges, CCD cameras, wire sensors, geophones, and water level meters were installed to collect the dynamic debris flow information. In this study, the ground vibrations generated by debris flows were detected using geophones and were analyzed to determine the characteristics. The time-domain signals of the debris flow ground vibrations were converted into frequency domain by the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and into time-frequency domain using the Gabor Transform. The results show that the ground vibration frequencies of debris flows are less than 150 Hz and they mainly fall between 5 to 100 Hz with multiple peak values. Following Gabor Transform analysis, the ground vibration spectrum distribution of debris flow reveals the phenomenon of the boulders gathering in the front surge of debris flows. The average velocity of debris flow surge was about 13.3 m/s as acquired from the measurements of the serial geophones. Besides, the location of the geophones has considerable influence on the signal intensity of the ground vibration caused by debris flows.

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M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9789059660595

T3 - International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment, Proceedings

SP - 625

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BT - 4th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation

ER -

Yin HY, Huang C-J, Chen CY, Yeh CH, Lee BJ, Fang YM et al. Monitoring ground vibrations generated by debris flows. In 4th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment. 2007. p. 625-633. (International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment, Proceedings).