Cadmium sulfide (CdS) quantum dots (QDs) were prepared and surface modified by dodecanthiol or mercaptosuccinic acid (MSA) to render a surface with alkyl chains 12-CdS) or carboxylic acid groups (MSA-CdS), respectively. Due to the hydrophobic property of C12-CdS, the nanoparticles disperse well in chloroform and stay stable at the air/water interface. However, 3-dimensional (3D) aggregative domains and particle-free pores were formed in the monolayer due to poor particle-water interaction. For the MSA-CdS nanoparticles, the surface was hydrophobized through physical adsorption of a cationic surfactant, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). The capped MSA on the CdS plays an important role in enhancing the adsorption of CTAB and improving the stability of the QDs at the air/water interface. Due to the reversible adsorption of CTAB on MSA-CdS, a hydrophilic area can be exposed in the water-contacting region of a nanoparticle when it stays at the air/water interface. Thus, the CTAB-MSA-CdS QD behaves as an amphiphilic compound at the air/water interface and has-properties superior to those of C12-CdS QDs in fabrication of layer-by-layer 2D structure of particulate films. The distinct behaviors of the two QDs at the air/water interface and the related effect on the properties of LB films were studied using a number of methods, including pressure - area (π-A) isotherm, relaxation and hysteresis experiments, in-situ observation of Brewster angle microscopy (BAM), the postdeposition analysis of atomic force microscopy (AFM), and UV - vis spectroscopy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry