Morphological and microstructural evolutions of manganese phosphate coating formed in Ni2+ ion containing electrolyte

C. M. Wang, W. T. Tsai, Y. P. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of Ni2+ ion in a phosphating solution on the formation of phosphate compound on steel surface is studied. Experimental results indicate that Ni2+ promotes the nucleation of the formation of phosphate compound. The number of nucleation sites increases and the particle size decreases as the Ni2+ ion concentration in the phosphating solution increases. The presence of Ni2+ ions in the coating solution strongly influences the surface morphology and the distributions of Ni, Cr, Mo and V in the phosphate layer. The manganese phosphate coating is a two layered structure which consists of an iron rich inner layer and a Mn rich outer layer. The reduced Ni strips that are located near the centre of the phosphate compound mark the initial substrate surface before phosphating.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)392-397
Number of pages6
JournalSurface Engineering
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Sep 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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