Morphological observation and biotoxicity assays on biodiesel particulate from diesel engine exhaust

Yu Yin Liu, Wei Lun Ho, Ta Chang Lin, Ying Jan Wang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Diesel blended with minor biodiesel has been implemented as an initial act on alternative energy issue worldwide. Biodiesel brings the change of pollutant emissions after a burning process. The surface morphology and biotoxicity comparisons of particulate emitted from diesel and biodiesel blend was carried out using an unmodified four-stroke engine generator. Particulate size distribution was measured using a micro-orifice uniform deposit impactor. The Microtox test and the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)- 2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay indicate the acute and cell viability, respectively, for the particulate collected in the engine exhaust gas. The results showed that diesel produces more particulate than biodiesel blend as expected, and the light operating load does not favor a particulate reduction. No significant trend was observed between the acute toxicity and engine operating load. The engine optimum operation differed fueling with diesel and B10. Additionally, engine running at a high operating load was observed to reduce the particulate cytotoxicity in the engine exhaust.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2011 World Congress on Sustainable Technologies, WCST 2011
Pages167-170
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Dec 1
Event2011 World Congress on Sustainable Technologies, WCST 2011 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: 2011 Nov 72011 Nov 10

Publication series

Name2011 World Congress on Sustainable Technologies, WCST 2011

Other

Other2011 World Congress on Sustainable Technologies, WCST 2011
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period11-11-0711-11-10

Fingerprint

Exhaust systems (engine)
Biodiesel
Diesel engines
Assays
Engines
Fueling
Cytotoxicity
Exhaust gases
Orifices
Surface morphology
Toxicity
Deposits
Cells

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Liu, Y. Y., Ho, W. L., Lin, T. C., & Wang, Y. J. (2011). Morphological observation and biotoxicity assays on biodiesel particulate from diesel engine exhaust. In 2011 World Congress on Sustainable Technologies, WCST 2011 (pp. 167-170). [6114218] (2011 World Congress on Sustainable Technologies, WCST 2011).
Liu, Yu Yin ; Ho, Wei Lun ; Lin, Ta Chang ; Wang, Ying Jan. / Morphological observation and biotoxicity assays on biodiesel particulate from diesel engine exhaust. 2011 World Congress on Sustainable Technologies, WCST 2011. 2011. pp. 167-170 (2011 World Congress on Sustainable Technologies, WCST 2011).
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abstract = "Diesel blended with minor biodiesel has been implemented as an initial act on alternative energy issue worldwide. Biodiesel brings the change of pollutant emissions after a burning process. The surface morphology and biotoxicity comparisons of particulate emitted from diesel and biodiesel blend was carried out using an unmodified four-stroke engine generator. Particulate size distribution was measured using a micro-orifice uniform deposit impactor. The Microtox test and the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)- 2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay indicate the acute and cell viability, respectively, for the particulate collected in the engine exhaust gas. The results showed that diesel produces more particulate than biodiesel blend as expected, and the light operating load does not favor a particulate reduction. No significant trend was observed between the acute toxicity and engine operating load. The engine optimum operation differed fueling with diesel and B10. Additionally, engine running at a high operating load was observed to reduce the particulate cytotoxicity in the engine exhaust.",
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Liu, YY, Ho, WL, Lin, TC & Wang, YJ 2011, Morphological observation and biotoxicity assays on biodiesel particulate from diesel engine exhaust. in 2011 World Congress on Sustainable Technologies, WCST 2011., 6114218, 2011 World Congress on Sustainable Technologies, WCST 2011, pp. 167-170, 2011 World Congress on Sustainable Technologies, WCST 2011, London, United Kingdom, 11-11-07.

Morphological observation and biotoxicity assays on biodiesel particulate from diesel engine exhaust. / Liu, Yu Yin; Ho, Wei Lun; Lin, Ta Chang; Wang, Ying Jan.

2011 World Congress on Sustainable Technologies, WCST 2011. 2011. p. 167-170 6114218 (2011 World Congress on Sustainable Technologies, WCST 2011).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - Diesel blended with minor biodiesel has been implemented as an initial act on alternative energy issue worldwide. Biodiesel brings the change of pollutant emissions after a burning process. The surface morphology and biotoxicity comparisons of particulate emitted from diesel and biodiesel blend was carried out using an unmodified four-stroke engine generator. Particulate size distribution was measured using a micro-orifice uniform deposit impactor. The Microtox test and the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)- 2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay indicate the acute and cell viability, respectively, for the particulate collected in the engine exhaust gas. The results showed that diesel produces more particulate than biodiesel blend as expected, and the light operating load does not favor a particulate reduction. No significant trend was observed between the acute toxicity and engine operating load. The engine optimum operation differed fueling with diesel and B10. Additionally, engine running at a high operating load was observed to reduce the particulate cytotoxicity in the engine exhaust.

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Liu YY, Ho WL, Lin TC, Wang YJ. Morphological observation and biotoxicity assays on biodiesel particulate from diesel engine exhaust. In 2011 World Congress on Sustainable Technologies, WCST 2011. 2011. p. 167-170. 6114218. (2011 World Congress on Sustainable Technologies, WCST 2011).