A multi-channel piezoelectric quartz crystal gas sensor comprising arrays coated with various organic materials and a home-made computer interface for data processing were prepared and employed to detect six kinds of common organic pollutants from petrochemical plants including benzene, styrene, chloroform, octane, hexene and hexyne. The principal component analysis (PCA) method was employed to select six kinds of appropriate coating materials for these organic pollutants from 22 adsorbents onto piezoelectric crystals. After performing a PCA assay, six representative coating materials, namely Polyisobutylene, Poly(dimethylsiloxane) (SE30), 4-tert-Butylcalixarene, Cholesteryl chloroformate, C60-Polyphenyl acetylene (C60-PPA) and Ag(I)/cryptand-2,2/ Ethylene diamine/NH3/Polyvinyl chloride were selected. Moreover, effects of coating load of adsorbents and concentration of pollutants were also investigated. Three kinds of recognition techniques including 2D PCA score map, radar plot and back-propagation neural network (BPN) were employed for qualitative analysis of these organic pollutants, and a quantitative analysis method could be established by creating calibration curves for each organic pollutant. This homemade multi-channel piezoelectric quartz crystal gas sensor showed a good detection limit of 0.068-1.127 mg/L for these organic pollutants. The multi-channel piezoelectric gas sensor exhibited good reproducibility with a relative standard deviation (RSD) of 1.1-9.6%. Furthermore, this multi-channel piezoelectric crystal detection system with BPN recognition technique was also utilized to successfully distinguish and identify each component of the mixture of organic gas samples. Multivariate linear regression (MLR) analysis was employed to quantitatively compute the concentration of species in the organic mixtures.
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