Telomere position effects on transcription (TPE, or telomeric silencing) are nucleated by association of nonhistone silencing factors with the telomere and propagated in subtelomeric regions through association of silencing factors with the specifically modified histones H3 and H4. However, the function of histone H2A in TPE is unknown. We found that deletion of either the amino or the carboxyltails of H2A substantially reduces TPE. We identified four H2A modification sites necessary for wild-type efficiency of TPE. These "hta1tpe" alleles also act as suppressors of a δ insertion allele of LYS2, suggesting shared elements of chromatin structure at both loci. Interestingly, we observed combinatorial effects of allele pairs, suggesting both interdependent acetylation and deacetylation events in the amino-terminal tail and a regulatory circuit between multiple phosphorylated residues in the carboxyl-terminal tail. Decreases in silencing and viability are observed in most hta1tpe alleles after treatment with low and high concentrations, respectively, of bleomycin, which forms double-strand breaks (DSBs). In the absence of the DSB and telomere-binding protein yKu70, the bleomycin sensitivity of hta1tpe alleles is further enhanced. We also provide data suggesting the presence of a yKu-dependent histone H2A function in TPE. These data indicate that the amino- and carboxyl-terminal tails of H2A are essential for wild-type levels of yKu-mediated TPE and DSB repair.
|Number of pages||18|
|Publication status||Published - 2003 May 1|
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