In this study, a sensitive and reliable anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV) using a series of multiwall carbon nanotube modified by antimony oxide (Sb2O3/MWCNTs) paste electrodes was successfully introduced for the simultaneous electrochemical detection of Cd2+ and Pb2+ ions. Firstly, a composite of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) was successfully used to preparing a paste electrode. Then, the MWCNTs bulk electrode was further modified with various concentrations of Sb2O3 (1, 3, and 4 wt.%, respectively) for improving the cadmium ions (Cd2+) and lead ions (Pb2+) detection ability. Among the Sb2O3/MWCNTs electrodes, the modified electrode by 3 wt.% Sb2O3 exhibits remarkable analytical detection for Cd2+ and Pb2+ by linear sweep anodic stripping voltammetry (LSASV) technique. The proper linear curves of current response versus the concentration of Cd2+ (80–150 ppb) and Pb2+ (5–35 ppb) could be observed. Interestingly, the analytical sensitivity of the mixture Cd2+ and Pb2+ were 1.932 and 2.694 μA⋅L⋅μg–1, respectively, which were higher than 1.5 and 1.3 folds of the individual ions. It expects that the Sb2O3/MWCNTs paste electrode could provide a significant improvement to the electrode for the simultaneous electrochemical detection of Cd2+ and Pb2+ ions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry