Myostatin gene organization and nodavirus-influenced expression in orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides)

Y. M. Chen, C. Y. Wei, C. H. Chien, H. W. Chang, S. I. Huang, H. L. Yang, T. Y. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relationship(s) between nodavirus infection and myostatin expression in the skeletal muscle tissue of grouper is unclear. To investigate, the grouper (Epinephelus coioides) myostatin gene was cloned and cDNA was utilized to examine the expression of the gene in skeletal muscle and serum of healthy (uninfected) grouper and fish naturally infected with nodavirus. The myostatin gene comprises three exons and two introns and is transcribed as a 2778-bp mRNA length that encodes a 376-aa precursor protein. All exon-intron boundaries conformed to the consensus sequences. Alignment of the upstream sequences indicated that the grouper myostatin promoter has been highly conserved during evolution. Sequence analyses of 1936 bp of the upstream region revealed ten E-box motifs. The protein was consistent with the predicted molecular weight (approximately 42 kDa) of the unprocessed monomeric precursor protein and the processed myostatin form of the protein secreted into the plasma. Transient transfection studies revealed that the activity of the myostatin promoter decreased in a subset of viral titers. Grouper naturally infected with nodavirus displayed downregulation of the myostatin protein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-227
Number of pages13
JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part D: Genomics and Proteomics
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Sept

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Aquatic Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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