Nanoparticle vaccines adopting virus-like features for enhanced immune potentiation

Saborni Chattopadhyay, Jui Yi Chen, Hui Wen Chen, Che Ming Jack Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Synthetic nanoparticles play an increasingly significant role in vaccine design and development as many nanoparticle vaccines show improved safety and efficacy over conventional formulations. These nanoformulations are structurally similar to viruses, which are nanoscale pathogenic organisms that have served as a key selective pressure driving the evolution of our immune system. As a result, mechanisms behind the benefits of nanoparticle vaccines can often find analogue to the interaction dynamics between the immune system and viruses. This review covers the advances in vaccine nanotechnology with a perspective on the advantages of virus mimicry towards immune potentiation. It provides an overview to the different types of nanomaterials utilized for nanoparticle vaccine development, including functionalization strategies that bestow nanoparticles with virus-like features. As understanding of human immunity and vaccine mechanisms continue to evolve, recognizing the fundamental semblance between synthetic nanoparticles and viruses may offer an explanation for the superiority of nanoparticle vaccines over conventional vaccines and may spur new design rationales for future vaccine research. These nanoformulations are poised to provide solutions towards pressing and emerging human diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-260
Number of pages17
JournalNanotheranostics
Volume1
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous)

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