Nanoparticles in the treatment of infections caused by multidrug-resistant organisms

Nan Yao Lee, Wen Chien Ko, Po Ren Hsueh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanotechnology using nanoscale materials is increasingly being utilized for clinical applications, especially as a new paradigm for infectious diseases. Infections caused by multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) are emerging as causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Antibiotic options for infections caused by MDROs are often limited. These clinical challenges highlight the critical demand for alternative and effective antimicrobial strategies. Nanoparticles (NPs) can penetrate the cell membrane of pathogenic microorganisms and interfere with important molecular pathways, formulating unique antimicrobial mechanisms. In combination with optimal antibiotics, NPs have demonstrated synergy and may aid in limiting the global crisis of emerging bacterial resistance. In this review, we summarized current research on the broad classification of the NPs that have shown in vitro antimicrobial activity against MDROs, including the ESKAPE pathogens (Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Enterobacter species). The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic characteristics of NPs and bacteria-resistant mechanisms to NPs were also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1153
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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