To enhance the electrical conductivity of the electrolyte for a newly developed dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC), metallic copper (Cu) encapsulated within the carbon shell (Cu@C) nanoparticles dispersed in a room temperature ionic liquid (RTIL) (e.g., [ bmim + ][PF6]) has been studied in the present work. By the pulsed-field gradient spin-echo NMR method, the self-diffusion coefficients of cations and anions of the RTIL have been determined. The self-diffusion coefficient of the [ bmim + ] cations in the RTIL dispersed with 0.08 of Cu@C nanoparticles is increased by . The electrical conductivity of the Cu@C dispersed RTIL is also increased by 65 (1.0 ms/cm). It is very clear the nanosize Cu@C dispersed RTIL with a relatively greater diffusion coefficient and electrical conductivity can be a very effective electrolyte especially utilized in DSSCs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)