National surveillance of 2,3,7,8-substituted polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans in soil in Taiwan

Yi Chyun Hsu, Danielle E. Que, Yan You Gou, Tsui Chun Tsou, Chung Kun Liu, Yen Ling Wang, Wen-Che Hou, Yi Hsien Lin, Wen Yao Liu, How Ran Chao, Wen Jhy Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this study, the polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin/furan (PCDD/F) levels in 381 soil samples coming from different background areas (n = 238) and contaminated areas (n = 143) in Taiwan were investigated from 2011 to 2015 using high resolution gas chromatograph/high resolution mass spectrometry (HRGC/HRMS). The contaminated areas showed higher PCDD/F contamination as compared to the background areas (1230 vs 749 pg/g dry weight (dw)); 14.0 vs 6.25 pg WHO2005-TEQ/g dw). The lowest levels were recorded in the outlying islands (1.28 pg WHO2005-TEQ/g dw). PCDD/F congener distribution profiles in the background and contaminated areas as well as on the islands varied. OCDD was the dominant congener in almost all locations, including the northern background (87.7%) and central contaminated (74.2%) areas. Other dominant species included OCDF and 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-HpCDD. Levels of PCDD/F-TEQs in Taiwanese soils, including the background areas, were higher than in some developing countries and regions with global background levels due to high industrialization except for the contaminated areas. Geographic differences in dioxin-contaminated soils were also shown in this study. Higher soil dioxin-TEQs were observed in locations with high populations and population densities. Despite the limitations, the economic status of Taiwan represented by the annual averaged family income (AAFI) was positively correlated to soil dioxin-TEQs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-252
Number of pages14
JournalChemosphere
Volume203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul 1

Fingerprint

Furans
furan
Taiwan
dioxin
Soil
Dioxins
Soils
Islands
Weights and Measures
soil
Population Density
Developing countries
Developing Countries
Mass spectrometry
Mass Spectrometry
Contamination
Gases
background level
Economics
Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Hsu, Y. C., Que, D. E., Gou, Y. Y., Tsou, T. C., Liu, C. K., Wang, Y. L., ... Lee, W. J. (2018). National surveillance of 2,3,7,8-substituted polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans in soil in Taiwan. Chemosphere, 203, 239-252. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.03.191
Hsu, Yi Chyun ; Que, Danielle E. ; Gou, Yan You ; Tsou, Tsui Chun ; Liu, Chung Kun ; Wang, Yen Ling ; Hou, Wen-Che ; Lin, Yi Hsien ; Liu, Wen Yao ; Chao, How Ran ; Lee, Wen Jhy. / National surveillance of 2,3,7,8-substituted polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans in soil in Taiwan. In: Chemosphere. 2018 ; Vol. 203. pp. 239-252.
@article{c75ce51e81844c1bb35c41b67d5cb3e1,
title = "National surveillance of 2,3,7,8-substituted polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans in soil in Taiwan",
abstract = "In this study, the polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin/furan (PCDD/F) levels in 381 soil samples coming from different background areas (n = 238) and contaminated areas (n = 143) in Taiwan were investigated from 2011 to 2015 using high resolution gas chromatograph/high resolution mass spectrometry (HRGC/HRMS). The contaminated areas showed higher PCDD/F contamination as compared to the background areas (1230 vs 749 pg/g dry weight (dw)); 14.0 vs 6.25 pg WHO2005-TEQ/g dw). The lowest levels were recorded in the outlying islands (1.28 pg WHO2005-TEQ/g dw). PCDD/F congener distribution profiles in the background and contaminated areas as well as on the islands varied. OCDD was the dominant congener in almost all locations, including the northern background (87.7{\%}) and central contaminated (74.2{\%}) areas. Other dominant species included OCDF and 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-HpCDD. Levels of PCDD/F-TEQs in Taiwanese soils, including the background areas, were higher than in some developing countries and regions with global background levels due to high industrialization except for the contaminated areas. Geographic differences in dioxin-contaminated soils were also shown in this study. Higher soil dioxin-TEQs were observed in locations with high populations and population densities. Despite the limitations, the economic status of Taiwan represented by the annual averaged family income (AAFI) was positively correlated to soil dioxin-TEQs.",
author = "Hsu, {Yi Chyun} and Que, {Danielle E.} and Gou, {Yan You} and Tsou, {Tsui Chun} and Liu, {Chung Kun} and Wang, {Yen Ling} and Wen-Che Hou and Lin, {Yi Hsien} and Liu, {Wen Yao} and Chao, {How Ran} and Lee, {Wen Jhy}",
year = "2018",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.03.191",
language = "English",
volume = "203",
pages = "239--252",
journal = "Chemosphere",
issn = "0045-6535",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

Hsu, YC, Que, DE, Gou, YY, Tsou, TC, Liu, CK, Wang, YL, Hou, W-C, Lin, YH, Liu, WY, Chao, HR & Lee, WJ 2018, 'National surveillance of 2,3,7,8-substituted polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans in soil in Taiwan', Chemosphere, vol. 203, pp. 239-252. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.03.191

National surveillance of 2,3,7,8-substituted polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans in soil in Taiwan. / Hsu, Yi Chyun; Que, Danielle E.; Gou, Yan You; Tsou, Tsui Chun; Liu, Chung Kun; Wang, Yen Ling; Hou, Wen-Che; Lin, Yi Hsien; Liu, Wen Yao; Chao, How Ran; Lee, Wen Jhy.

In: Chemosphere, Vol. 203, 01.07.2018, p. 239-252.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - National surveillance of 2,3,7,8-substituted polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans in soil in Taiwan

AU - Hsu, Yi Chyun

AU - Que, Danielle E.

AU - Gou, Yan You

AU - Tsou, Tsui Chun

AU - Liu, Chung Kun

AU - Wang, Yen Ling

AU - Hou, Wen-Che

AU - Lin, Yi Hsien

AU - Liu, Wen Yao

AU - Chao, How Ran

AU - Lee, Wen Jhy

PY - 2018/7/1

Y1 - 2018/7/1

N2 - In this study, the polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin/furan (PCDD/F) levels in 381 soil samples coming from different background areas (n = 238) and contaminated areas (n = 143) in Taiwan were investigated from 2011 to 2015 using high resolution gas chromatograph/high resolution mass spectrometry (HRGC/HRMS). The contaminated areas showed higher PCDD/F contamination as compared to the background areas (1230 vs 749 pg/g dry weight (dw)); 14.0 vs 6.25 pg WHO2005-TEQ/g dw). The lowest levels were recorded in the outlying islands (1.28 pg WHO2005-TEQ/g dw). PCDD/F congener distribution profiles in the background and contaminated areas as well as on the islands varied. OCDD was the dominant congener in almost all locations, including the northern background (87.7%) and central contaminated (74.2%) areas. Other dominant species included OCDF and 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-HpCDD. Levels of PCDD/F-TEQs in Taiwanese soils, including the background areas, were higher than in some developing countries and regions with global background levels due to high industrialization except for the contaminated areas. Geographic differences in dioxin-contaminated soils were also shown in this study. Higher soil dioxin-TEQs were observed in locations with high populations and population densities. Despite the limitations, the economic status of Taiwan represented by the annual averaged family income (AAFI) was positively correlated to soil dioxin-TEQs.

AB - In this study, the polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin/furan (PCDD/F) levels in 381 soil samples coming from different background areas (n = 238) and contaminated areas (n = 143) in Taiwan were investigated from 2011 to 2015 using high resolution gas chromatograph/high resolution mass spectrometry (HRGC/HRMS). The contaminated areas showed higher PCDD/F contamination as compared to the background areas (1230 vs 749 pg/g dry weight (dw)); 14.0 vs 6.25 pg WHO2005-TEQ/g dw). The lowest levels were recorded in the outlying islands (1.28 pg WHO2005-TEQ/g dw). PCDD/F congener distribution profiles in the background and contaminated areas as well as on the islands varied. OCDD was the dominant congener in almost all locations, including the northern background (87.7%) and central contaminated (74.2%) areas. Other dominant species included OCDF and 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-HpCDD. Levels of PCDD/F-TEQs in Taiwanese soils, including the background areas, were higher than in some developing countries and regions with global background levels due to high industrialization except for the contaminated areas. Geographic differences in dioxin-contaminated soils were also shown in this study. Higher soil dioxin-TEQs were observed in locations with high populations and population densities. Despite the limitations, the economic status of Taiwan represented by the annual averaged family income (AAFI) was positively correlated to soil dioxin-TEQs.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85047398815&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85047398815&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.03.191

DO - 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.03.191

M3 - Article

VL - 203

SP - 239

EP - 252

JO - Chemosphere

JF - Chemosphere

SN - 0045-6535

ER -