Natural convection heat transfer performance in complex-wavy-wall enclosed cavity filled with nanofluid

Ching Chang Cho, Chieh Li Chen, Cha'O Kuang Chen

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94 Citations (Scopus)


A numerical investigation is performed into the natural convection heat transfer characteristics within an enclosed cavity filled with nanofluid. The left and right walls of the cavity have a complex-wavy geometry and are maintained at a high and low temperature, respectively. Meanwhile, the upper and lower walls of the cavity are both flat and insulated. The nanofluid comprises Al 2O 3 nanoparticles suspended in pure water. In performing the analysis, the governing equations are formulated using the Boussinesq approximation and the complex-wavy-surface is modeled as the superimposition of two sinusoidal functions. The simulations examine the effects of the volume fraction of nanoparticles, the Rayleigh number and the complex-wavy-surface geometry parameters on the flow streamlines, isotherm distribution and Nusselt number within the cavity. The results show that for all values of the Rayleigh number, the Nusselt number increases as the volume fraction of nanoparticles increases. In addition, it is shown that the heat transfer performance can be optimized by tuning the wavy-surface geometry parameters in accordance with the Rayleigh number. Overall, the results presented in this study provide a useful insight into potential strategies for enhancing the convection heat transfer performance within enclosed cavities with complex-wavy-wall surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-263
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Thermal Sciences
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • General Engineering


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