Three new metal chalcogenides have been identified in MnN-1(Gd2-xInx)SN+2 with N = 3, 4, and 5 via a flux-growth synthesis. All compounds crystallize in the same space group of orthorhombic Cmcm with cell constants: Mn2GdInS5 (1), a = 3.789(1) Å, b = 12.411(1) Å, and c = 15.489(1) Å; Mn3Gd2S6 (2), a = 3.778(1) Å, b = 12.505(2) Å, and c = 19.114(2) Å; Mn4Gd2S7 (3), a = 3.769(1) Å, b = 12.466(2) Å, and c = 22.289(3) Å. Compounds 1-3 form a homologous series through the modulation of the MnS unit, whose structures represent a complete system of the corresponding lillianites (N1,N2L) of 3,3L, 4,4L and 5,5L. The gradually wider slabs formed in the series result in a monotonic increase along the c dimensions from 1 to 3. Crystal 3 is the first to achieve a predicted structure of 5,5L. Mn2GdInS5 (1) displays a weak antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering at 10 K and the Weiss constant () of -0.76 K. Mn2Gd1.5In0.5S5 (1a), an isostructure of 1, shifts the AFM transition temperature to 12 K and possesses a slightly larger constant of -6.06 K. Mn4Gd2S7 (3), featuring the thickest slabs in this series, shows a significant antiferromagnetic behavior beginning at a high temperature of 70 K and has a largest constant of -40.25 K. A small amount of impurity α-Gd2S3 with an AFM transition temperature around 4 K was characterized in sample 3, which does not interfere with the magnetic ordering of 3 at much higher temperatures. These magnetic chalcogenides display band gaps of 1.66 eV for 1, 1.75 eV for 1a, and 1.44 eV for 3.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Inorganic Chemistry