New Product Short-Term Demands Forecasting with Boxplot-Based Fractional Grey Prediction Model

Der Chiang Li, Wen Kuei Huang, Yao San Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The cost of investing in new product development (NPD) is high, and it is a feasible way to use demand forecasts for customer or end-users as a decisive reference. However, this short-term time-series data has difficulties in learning because there is no past performance on which to base the estimates. In the past, it has been proven that the cumulative method of the fractional grey prediction model (FGM) is better than the traditional integer cumulative method of the grey model (GM) model. There are many studies using different optimal algorithms to determine the moderate score order. How to set the coefficient of α in FGM is also worth exploring. Therefore, this research reveals a new fractional grey prediction model which uses box-and-whisker plots to estimate the trends of data, known as the boxplot-based fractional scale prediction model (boxplot-based FGM, BP-FGM) to improve the accuracy of predictors by setting the coefficient sets of α. In the experiment, the examined dataset was collected from a well-known equipment manufacturer as the research object. For modeling, the mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) was established as the objective function of the optimization model, the results from three datasets verified the effect through the commodity attributes and public test data of its production, and the experimental results show that BP-FGM has better prediction results than FGM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5131
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Instrumentation
  • General Engineering
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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