Nitrogen removal by the enhanced floating treatment wetlands from the secondary effluent

Lei Gao, Weili Zhou, Jungchen Huang, Shengbing He, Yijia Yan, Wenying Zhu, Suqing Wu, Xu Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

109 Citations (Scopus)


Three novel floating treatment wetlands, including autotrophic enhanced floating treatment wetland (AEFTW), heterotrophic enhanced floating treatment wetland (HEFTW) and enhanced floating treatment wetland (EFTW) were developed to remove nitrogen from the secondary effluent. Results showed that the analogously excellent nitrogen removal performance was achieved in AEFTW and HEFTW. About 89.4% of the total nitrogen (TN) was removed from AEFTW at a low S/N of 0.9 and 88.5% from HEFTW at a low C/N of 3.5 when the hydraulic retention time (HRT) was 1 d in summer. Higher nitrification and denitrification performance were achieved in AEFTW. Addition of electron donors effectively reduced the N2O emission, especially in summer and autumn. High-throughput sequencing analysis revealed that the electron donors distinctly induced the microbial shifts. Dechloromonas, Thiobacillus and Nitrospira became the most predominant genus in HEFTW, AEFTW and EFTW. And autotrophic and heterotrophic denitrification could simultaneously occur in HEFTW and AEFTW.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-252
Number of pages10
JournalBioresource technology
Publication statusPublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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