Non-Boussinesq effects on transitions in Hele-Shaw convection

Shyh-Hong Hwang, Hsueh Chia Chang

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Mode jumping between buoyancy-induced convection patterns in a slender Hele-Shaw cell (height > width) is studied with a center manifold projection technique at a critical aspect ratio, where both the single-roll and double-roll convection patterns destabilize simultaneously. In contradiction to some experimental observations, the Boussinesq model with insulated or isothermal side wall conditions indicates that the single-roll mode never surrenders its stability and yields to the double-roll mode as the Rayleigh number is increased. By adding the temperature dependence of fluid density and conductivity to the heat equation, it is shown that the single-roll mode can now undergo secondary bifurcations. Hysteretic jumps to the double-roll mode and smooth transitions to a mixed mode, and even to a time-periodic convection pattern, are then possible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)924-937
Number of pages14
JournalPhysics of Fluids A
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1989 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)


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