Diagnosing non-convulsive seizures (NCSs) is a great challenge for most clinicians due to a wide spectrum of clinical presentations. The complexity of the disease course usually results in a delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis so that timely and appropriate treatment is not given. Herein, we report a case with NCSs misdiagnosed as vertebrobasilar insufficiency (VBI), in which the patient suffered from episodes of prominent dizziness, vertigo, becoming transfixed, and worsening response within a day. Brain magnetic resonance image findings were unremarkable, however electroencephalography (EEG) showed rhythmic epileptiform discharges that appeared to originate from the right frontal area with ipsilateral hemispheric involvement. We prescribed intravenous valproate and the seizures ceased. Few studies have reported a patient with NCS misdiagnosed with VBI, a very different entity. It is thus important that clinicians should be aware of the trivial symptoms of NCSs, and to consider implementing early EEG studies and anti-epileptic drug therapy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes