Non-gated high-pitch computed tomography aortic angiography: Myocardial perfusion defects in patients with suspected aortic dissection

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Abstract

Objectives To investigate the diagnostic value of first-pass myocardial perfusion defects visualised in non-gated high-pitch computed tomography angiography (CTA) in patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) for suspected aortic dissection. Methods We recruited 174 ED patients who underwent high-pitch CTA of the aorta because of suspected aortic dissection. We divided these patients into two groups (diseased and control groups) based on whether their clinical data fulfilled the third universal definition of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), specifically an increase in cardiac troponin (cTn) with at least one of the following: (a) symptoms of ischemia; (b) new ST-segment-T wave (ST-T) changes or new left bundle branch block (LBBB); (c) development of pathological Q wave; (d) new loss of viable myocardium or new regional wall motion abnormality; or (e) identification of an intracoronary thrombus by angiography or autopsy. Twenty-two patients with a clinical diagnosis of AMI were placed in the diseased group. Myocardial perfusion defects were evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively on the late arterial phase obtained 50 s post-threshold. Results Of the 22 patients with a final diagnosis of AMI, visually identifiable perfusion defects were observed in 12 patients. The sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of any perfusion defect for predicting AMI were 54.6%, 94.7%, 93.5%, and 60.0%, respectively. Quantitative analysis indicated that CT attenuation was significantly lower within perfusion defects than within the normal myocardium (67.6 ± 29.5 HU vs. 92.2 ± 19.7 HU; p < 0.001). Conclusions In patients with acute chest pain, the presence of myocardial perfusion defect observed on nongated high-pitch CTA of the aorta can be used to identify individuals with AMI with high specificity, but low sensitivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-212
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May

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Dissection
Perfusion
Myocardial Infarction
Aorta
Hospital Emergency Service
Myocardium
Sensitivity and Specificity
Troponin
Bundle-Branch Block
Acute Pain
Computed Tomography Angiography
Chest Pain
Autopsy
Angiography
Thrombosis
Ischemia
Control Groups

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

@article{2395633ee3074f15a3622ec8920428f6,
title = "Non-gated high-pitch computed tomography aortic angiography: Myocardial perfusion defects in patients with suspected aortic dissection",
abstract = "Objectives To investigate the diagnostic value of first-pass myocardial perfusion defects visualised in non-gated high-pitch computed tomography angiography (CTA) in patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) for suspected aortic dissection. Methods We recruited 174 ED patients who underwent high-pitch CTA of the aorta because of suspected aortic dissection. We divided these patients into two groups (diseased and control groups) based on whether their clinical data fulfilled the third universal definition of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), specifically an increase in cardiac troponin (cTn) with at least one of the following: (a) symptoms of ischemia; (b) new ST-segment-T wave (ST-T) changes or new left bundle branch block (LBBB); (c) development of pathological Q wave; (d) new loss of viable myocardium or new regional wall motion abnormality; or (e) identification of an intracoronary thrombus by angiography or autopsy. Twenty-two patients with a clinical diagnosis of AMI were placed in the diseased group. Myocardial perfusion defects were evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively on the late arterial phase obtained 50 s post-threshold. Results Of the 22 patients with a final diagnosis of AMI, visually identifiable perfusion defects were observed in 12 patients. The sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of any perfusion defect for predicting AMI were 54.6{\%}, 94.7{\%}, 93.5{\%}, and 60.0{\%}, respectively. Quantitative analysis indicated that CT attenuation was significantly lower within perfusion defects than within the normal myocardium (67.6 ± 29.5 HU vs. 92.2 ± 19.7 HU; p < 0.001). Conclusions In patients with acute chest pain, the presence of myocardial perfusion defect observed on nongated high-pitch CTA of the aorta can be used to identify individuals with AMI with high specificity, but low sensitivity.",
author = "Huang, {Li Ting} and Chan, {Shih Hung} and Chuang, {Chia Chang} and Tsai, {Yi Shan}",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.jcct.2017.04.003",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "208--212",
journal = "Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography",
issn = "1934-5925",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Non-gated high-pitch computed tomography aortic angiography

T2 - Myocardial perfusion defects in patients with suspected aortic dissection

AU - Huang, Li Ting

AU - Chan, Shih Hung

AU - Chuang, Chia Chang

AU - Tsai, Yi Shan

PY - 2017/5

Y1 - 2017/5

N2 - Objectives To investigate the diagnostic value of first-pass myocardial perfusion defects visualised in non-gated high-pitch computed tomography angiography (CTA) in patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) for suspected aortic dissection. Methods We recruited 174 ED patients who underwent high-pitch CTA of the aorta because of suspected aortic dissection. We divided these patients into two groups (diseased and control groups) based on whether their clinical data fulfilled the third universal definition of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), specifically an increase in cardiac troponin (cTn) with at least one of the following: (a) symptoms of ischemia; (b) new ST-segment-T wave (ST-T) changes or new left bundle branch block (LBBB); (c) development of pathological Q wave; (d) new loss of viable myocardium or new regional wall motion abnormality; or (e) identification of an intracoronary thrombus by angiography or autopsy. Twenty-two patients with a clinical diagnosis of AMI were placed in the diseased group. Myocardial perfusion defects were evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively on the late arterial phase obtained 50 s post-threshold. Results Of the 22 patients with a final diagnosis of AMI, visually identifiable perfusion defects were observed in 12 patients. The sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of any perfusion defect for predicting AMI were 54.6%, 94.7%, 93.5%, and 60.0%, respectively. Quantitative analysis indicated that CT attenuation was significantly lower within perfusion defects than within the normal myocardium (67.6 ± 29.5 HU vs. 92.2 ± 19.7 HU; p < 0.001). Conclusions In patients with acute chest pain, the presence of myocardial perfusion defect observed on nongated high-pitch CTA of the aorta can be used to identify individuals with AMI with high specificity, but low sensitivity.

AB - Objectives To investigate the diagnostic value of first-pass myocardial perfusion defects visualised in non-gated high-pitch computed tomography angiography (CTA) in patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) for suspected aortic dissection. Methods We recruited 174 ED patients who underwent high-pitch CTA of the aorta because of suspected aortic dissection. We divided these patients into two groups (diseased and control groups) based on whether their clinical data fulfilled the third universal definition of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), specifically an increase in cardiac troponin (cTn) with at least one of the following: (a) symptoms of ischemia; (b) new ST-segment-T wave (ST-T) changes or new left bundle branch block (LBBB); (c) development of pathological Q wave; (d) new loss of viable myocardium or new regional wall motion abnormality; or (e) identification of an intracoronary thrombus by angiography or autopsy. Twenty-two patients with a clinical diagnosis of AMI were placed in the diseased group. Myocardial perfusion defects were evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively on the late arterial phase obtained 50 s post-threshold. Results Of the 22 patients with a final diagnosis of AMI, visually identifiable perfusion defects were observed in 12 patients. The sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of any perfusion defect for predicting AMI were 54.6%, 94.7%, 93.5%, and 60.0%, respectively. Quantitative analysis indicated that CT attenuation was significantly lower within perfusion defects than within the normal myocardium (67.6 ± 29.5 HU vs. 92.2 ± 19.7 HU; p < 0.001). Conclusions In patients with acute chest pain, the presence of myocardial perfusion defect observed on nongated high-pitch CTA of the aorta can be used to identify individuals with AMI with high specificity, but low sensitivity.

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U2 - 10.1016/j.jcct.2017.04.003

DO - 10.1016/j.jcct.2017.04.003

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VL - 11

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EP - 212

JO - Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography

JF - Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography

SN - 1934-5925

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