Non-vacuum growth of graphene films using solid carbon source

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10 Citations (Scopus)


This study demonstrates that air annealing can grow high-quality graphene films on the surface of polycrystalline nickel film with the help of an effective SiO2 capping layer. The number of graphene layers can be modulated by the amount of carbon embedded in the Ni film before annealing. Raman analysis results, transmission electron microscopy images, and electron diffraction patterns of the samples confirm that graphene films can be grown in air with an oxygen blocking layer and a 10°C/s cooling rate in an open-vented rapid thermal annealing chamber or an open tube furnace. The high-quality low-defect air-annealing grown graphene is comparable to commercially available graphene grown via chemical vapor deposition. The proposed graphene growth using air annealing technique is simple and low-cost, making it highly attractive for mass production. It is transfer-free to a silicon substrate and can speed up graphene development, opening up new applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number221604
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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