We show that correlations inconsistent with any locally causal description can be a generic feature of measurements on entangled quantum states. Specifically, spatially separated parties who perform local measurements on a maximally entangled state using randomly chosen measurement bases can, with significant probability, generate nonclassical correlations that violate a Bell inequality. For n parties using a Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger state, this probability of violation rapidly tends to unity as the number of parties increases. We also show that, even with both a randomly chosen two-qubit pure state and randomly chosen measurement bases, a violation can be found about 10% of the time. Among other applications, our work provides a feasible alternative for the demonstration of Bell inequality violation without a shared reference frame.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)