Nondestructive evaluation of apple fruit quality by frequency-domain diffuse reflectance spectroscopy: Variations in apple skin and flesh

Nan Yu Cheng, Chien Chih Chen, Bo Jian Liang, Sheng Hao Tseng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The optical properties of fruits, such as light absorption and scattering characteristics, change with biochemical activities during storage. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) systems have been widely applied for noninvasively observing biological tissues. In this study, we used a frequency-domain DRS system to measure the optical properties of apples. Results showed that variations in the chlorophyll, water, and flesh-texture of apples could be noninvasively monitored over time. We also observed substantial differences in the absorption and reduced scattering coefficients between injured and normal apples. The DRS techniques could be used for apple grading, and, by extension, for monitoring the quality of other fruits.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2355
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this