In light of a gap in the area of fishery harbor greening, the objective of this paper is to identify potential environmental issues associated with fishery harbor operations and establish a multi-criteria evaluation structure for green fishery harbors. This structure is intended to bring an environmental dimension into the management of fishery harbors and facilitate informed decision-making in achieving environmental sustainability. A review of literature related to harbor environments, the modified Delphi technique and the AHP method were used to establish an evaluation structure for high-use fishery harbors in Taiwan. Results show that vessel and harbor management, hygiene, and waste and energy management are considered relatively important criteria at the second level. Among 15 indicators, safety of equipment and facilities, management of vessels and catches, clean harbors, catch hygiene, a management committee, fish market sanitation, controlled waste discharge, and energy saving and green energy are the top half rankings at the third level. Management implications from the findings were discussed, with an emphasis on feasible options to advance green fishery harbors, including managing harbors in an integral manner, implementing a HACCP system to enhance catch hygiene levels, controlling waste, developing green energy and establishing harbors an education and outreach outposts. At last, a three-step model was highlighted as a practical way to assist policy makers to find priority factors and engage in effective management to achieve fishery harbor greening.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aquatic Science
- Environmental Science(all)
- Economics and Econometrics
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law