Novel adsorbent of removal phosphate from TFT LCD wastewater

Teng Chien Chen, Yu Jen Shih, Chun Chi Chang, Yao Hui Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, a waste iron oxide material (BT-1), which is a by-product of the fluidized-bed Fenton reaction (FBR-Fenton), was thermally treated between 200 and 900°C and was used as an efficient adsorbent for the removal of phosphate in an aqueous system. The wastewater was discharged from a real TFT-LCD plant in Taiwan and diluted to 10.51mM phosphate before experiments. The XRD and SEM analyses indicated that BT-1 was mainly composed of the poorly crystallized goethite (α-FeOOH). After adsorption, the phosphate surface was occupied on BT-1 using EDS and FTIR analysis. The adsorption isotherms are consistent with Temkin, Langmuir, and Freundlich models and indicated the BT-1 was a suitable adsorbent for the removal of phosphate. The maximum adsorption capacity of BT-1 was 2.32mmol-P/g (72mg-P/g). The coexisting anions affected the phosphate adsorption capacity of BT-1 at pH 2.11±0.2 in this order: SO42->NO3->Cl->F-. The coexisting anions F- and Cl- did not influent the adsorption capacity significantly, but SO42- and NO3- affected the phosphate adsorption capacity of BT-1. Finally, there are almost 48% phosphate desorption form the adsorbed BT-1 in the NaOH alkaline solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-66
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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