Novel (-)-arctigenin derivatives inhibit signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 phosphorylation and P-glycoprotein function resensitizing multidrug resistant cancer cells in vitro and in vivo

Ko Hua Yu, Chan Yen Kuo, I. Ting Wu, Ching Ho Chi, Keng Chang Tsai, Ping Chung Kuo, Jing Wen Zeng, Chin Chuan Hung, Hsin Yi Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Multidrug resistance (MDR) is considered one of the significant chemotherapy failures of cancer patients and resulting in tumor recurrence and refractory cancer. The collateral sensitivity phenomenon is suggested as a potential alternative therapy for coring multidrug resistance in cancer. To achieve better effects and reduce toxicity, a polypharmacology strategy was applied. Arctigenin has been reported as a signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) inhibitor as an anticancer drug with low toxicity. However, the effective dosage of arctigenin was too high for re-sensitization in MDR cell lines. Therefore, we have designed and synthesized arctigenin derivatives and have evaluated their chemoreversal effects in KBvin and KB cells. The results conveyed that compounds 9, 10, and 12 displayed significant collateral sensitivity effects on MDR cancer cells, and the corresponding calculated RF values were 32, 174, and 133, respectively. In addition, compounds 9, 10, and 12 were identified to influence the activation of STAT3 and the function of P-glycoprotein in KBvin cells. Combining the active compounds (9, 10, and 12) with paclitaxel significantly inhibits MDR tumor growth in a zebrafish xenograft tumor model without toxicity. Thus, this study provided novel effective arctigenin derivatives and is considered a potential co-treatment with paclitaxel for treating MDR tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number176146
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume960
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Dec 5

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology

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