Solid-state NaBH4/Ru-based catalyst composites have been fabricated for hydrogen generation through a high-energy ball-milling process, providing uniform dispersion of resin-supported Ru3+ catalysts among pulverized NaBH4 (SBH) particles, so as to increase the contacts of SBH with active catalytic sites. Consequently, the gravimetric hydrogen storage capacity as high as 7.3 wt% could be achieved by utilizing water as a limiting reagent to overcome the issue of deactivated catalysts whose active sites are often blocked by precipitates caused by limited NaBO2 solubility occurring in conventional aqueous SBH systems for hydrogen productions. Products of hydrolyzed SBH that greatly influence the gravimetric H2 storage capacity are found to be most likely NaBO2·2H2O and NaBO2·4H2O from SBH/H2O reacting systems with initial weight ratios, SBH/H2O = 1/2 and 1/10, respectively, according to the TGA and XRD analyses.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering