We have identified a cytokine of the IL-6 family and named it novel neurotrophin-1/B cell-stimulating factor-3 (NNT-1/BSF-3). NNT-1/BSF-3 cDNA was cloned from activated Jurkat human T cell lymphoma cells. Its sequence predicts a 225-aa protein with a 27-aa signal peptide, a molecular mass of 22 kDa in mature form, and the highest homology to cardiotrophin-1 and ciliary neurotrophic factor. The gene for NNT-1/BSF-3 is on chromosome 11q13. A murine equivalent to NNT-1/BSF-3 also was identified, which shows 96% homology to human NNT-1/BSF-3. NNT-1/BSF-3 mRNA is found mainly in lymph nodes and spleen. NNT-1/BSF-3 induces tyrosine phosphorylation of glycoprotein 130 (gp130), leukemia inhibitory factor receptor β, and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 in the SK-N-MC human neuroblastoma cells. NNT-1/BSF-3 shows activities typical of IL-6 family members. In vitro, it supports the survival of chicken embryo motor and sympathetic neurons. In mice, it induces serum amyloid A, potentiates the induction by IL-1 of corticosterone and IL-6, and causes body weight loss and B cell hyperplasia with serum IgG and IgM increase. NNT-1/BSF-3 is a gp130 activator with B-cell stimulating capability.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 1999 Sep 28|
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